IN THE WORKERS COMPENSATION COURT OF THE STATE OF MONTANA
December 27, 2012
ESTATE OF RICHARD HIRTH, BY AND THROUGH ASHLEY HARMON, PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE PETITIONER
MONTANA STATE FUND RESPONDENT/INSURER.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: James Jeremiah Shea Judge
ORDER DENYING PETITIONER'S MOTION TO EXCLUDE CERTAIN REPORTS AND TESTIMONY
Summary: Petitioner moved to exclude the reports and testimony of two medical doctors who reviewed Petitioner's medical records and disputed the impairment rating assigned by Petitioner's treating physician. Respondent opposes Petitioner's motion, arguing that it would be denied due process of law if it were denied the opportunity to challenge the impairment rating assigned by Petitioner's treating physician.
Held: The arguments Petitioner has raised go to the weight rather than the admissibility of the evidence in question. Petitioner's motion is denied.
¶ 1 Petitioner Estate of Richard Hirth, by and through Ashley Harmon, Personal Representative (Hirth Estate), moves this Court to exclude reports and any testimony of Drs. Cleary and Carpenter which Respondent Montana State Fund (State Fund) may seek to put into evidence in this matter.*fn1 State Fund opposes Hirth Estate's motion and responds that it would be denied due process of law if the Court were to grant this motion.*fn2
¶ 2 In support of its motion, Hirth Estate explains that Hirth suffered an occupational disease on June 17, 1999.*fn3 Hirth's treating physician evaluated Hirth and assigned him a 29% whole person impairment rating on August 3, 2001. On August 28, 2001, Dr. Joel E. Cleary reviewed Hirth's medical records and opined that Hirth's impairment rating should be a 3% whole person impairment rating. On April 12, 2012, Dr. Kenneth Carpenter reviewed Hirth's medical records and opined that Hirth's impairment rating should be a 3% whole person impairment rating. Hirth Estate notes that neither Dr. Cleary nor Dr. Carpenter ever physically examined or interviewed Hirth.*fn4
¶ 3 Hirth Estate argues that State Fund obtained two non-consensual independent medical examinations (IME) of Hirth's medical records. Hirth Estate argues that § 39-71-605(5), MCA, expressly states that this statute has no application to impairment evaluations, and further argues that § 39-71-711(4), MCA, reiterates that disputes over impairment ratings are not subject to § 39-71-605, MCA. Hirth Estate therefore argues that the IMEs by Drs. Cleary and Carpenter were prohibited under the Workers' Compensation Act and are therefore not admissible.*fn5
¶ 4 State Fund argues that it is entitled to be heard on this issue
and that it would violate State Fund's due process rights if the Court
were precluded from considering evidence contrary to Hirth's treating
physician's impairment rating calculation. State Fund notes that while
the opinion of a treating physician is generally afforded greater
weight, the treating physician's opinion is not conclusive.*fn6
State Fund argues that § 39-71-605, MCA, is inapplicable to
the present controversy and that the records reviews conducted by Drs.
Cleary and Carpenter do not fall under the statute. State Fund argues
that neither Dr. Cleary nor Dr. Carpenter conducted an "IME" because
neither performed an examination of Hirth. State Fund points to §
39-71-711(1), MCA, which holds, in pertinent part, that an impairment
rating is a purely medical determination which must be established by
objective medical findings. State Fund argues that the necessary
objective medical findings are contained in the medical records
reviewed by Drs. Cleary and Carpenter and therefore they were both in
an equal position to Hirth's treating physician in applying the
documented objective medical findings to the applicable provisions of
the American Medical Association Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent
Impairment, 5th Edition (Guides).*fn7
¶ 5 Hirth Estate further argues that Hirth's treating physician was more qualified to render an impairment rating for his occupational disease than either Dr. Cleary or Dr. Carpenter.*fn8 State Fund responds that Drs. Cleary and Carpenter have specialized expertise in applying the Guides.*fn9 This argument goes to the weight of the respective physician's opinions, not their admissibility.
¶ 6 The parties appear to be in agreement that § 39-71-711, MCA, and not § 39-71-605, MCA, apply to the present situation. Where Hirth Estate's argument fails is that neither Dr. Cleary nor Dr. Carpenter conducted an IME; they reviewed Hirth's medical records and rendered opinions based on their records reviews. The issue of the conflicting expert opinions in this matter is one of weight, not admissibility. Hirth Estate's motion to exclude is denied.
¶ 7 Petitioner's motion to exclude is DENIED.
c: Michael G. Barer Thomas E. Martello Submitted: December 18, 2012