May 10, 2013
TYRONE EVERETT PAYNE, Petitioner,
WARDEN MARTIN FRINK; ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE STATE OF MONTANA, Respondents.
ORDER CONDITIONALLY GRANTING WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
DONALD W. MOLLOY, District Judge.
On April 23, 2013, United States Magistrate Judge Jeremiah Lynch issued Findings and Recommendation. He concluded that Tyrone Payne's petition for writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 should be conditionally granted as to one claim and that two other claims should be dismissed with prejudice. Neither party filed objections.
Reviewing for clear error, 28 U.S.C. § 636(b); McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Commodore Bus. Mach., Inc., 656 F.2d 1309, 1313 (9th Cir. 1981), I find none. Payne was convicted of failing to register as a sex offender. By soliciting testimony from an officer that she was told Payne was not in compliance with his registration requirements in Connecticut, the State violated Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36 (2004). The constitutional violation had a substantial and injurious effect on the jury's verdict, and a new trial is the appropriate remedy. Payne's other two claims, alleging that the evidence was insufficient to support the conviction, see Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. 307 (1979), and that the conviction was obtained in violation of Lambert v. California, 355 U.S. 225 (1957), are procedurally defaulted without excuse and must be dismissed with prejudice.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED as follows:
1. Payne's petition (doc. 1) is CONDITIONALLY GRANTED as to the Crawford claim. The Jackson claim and the Lambert claim are DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE.
2. A certificate of appealability is DENIED as to the Jackson and Lambert claims.
3. The judgment entered in Missoula County Cause No. DC-09-174 on February 10, 2010, is VACATED.
4. Within forty-five (45) days of the date of this Order, the State may renew proceedings against Payne in the trial court.
5. If the State renews the proceedings, it must timely file a Notice stating that it has done so.
6. If the State does not timely file notice of the renewal of proceedings in the trial court, this Court will order Payne's unconditional release from all custody based on the vacated conviction, and he may not be retried.
7. The Clerk shall enter judgment, by separate document, in favor of Payne and against Respondents on the Crawford claim and against Payne and in favor of Respondents on the Jackson and Lambert claims.