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In re S.K.

Supreme Court of Montana

February 18, 2014

IN THE MATTER OF: S.K., Youth in Need of Care.

Submitted on Briefs: January 29, 2014

APPEAL FROM: District Court of the Eighth Judicial District, In and For the County of Cascade, Cause No. CDN-12-136 Honorable Kenneth R. Neill, Presiding Judge.

For Appellant: Carl B. Jensen, Attorney at Law, Great Falls, Montana.

For Appellee: Timothy C. Fox, Montana Attorney General, Pamela P. Collins, Assistant Attorney General, Helena, Montana Theresa L. Diekhans, Assistant Attorney General, Great Falls, Montana.

OPINION

Beth Baker Justice

¶1 Pursuant to Section I, Paragraph 3(d), Montana Supreme Court Internal Operating Rules, this case is decided by memorandum opinion and shall not be cited and does not serve as precedent. Its case title, cause number, and disposition shall be included in this Court's quarterly list of noncitable cases published in the Pacific Reporter and Montana Reports.

¶2 J.J. (Mother) appeals an order of the Eighth Judicial District Court terminating her parental rights and granting the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services (DPHHS) permanent legal custody of her son, S.K. The sole issue raised on appeal is whether Mother should have been given additional time to complete a treatment plan in order to reunite her with S.K. We affirm.

¶3 On September 18, 2012, DPHHS filed a petition for emergency protective services, adjudication as a youth in need of care, and temporary legal custody, alleging that S.K. was abused or neglected or in danger of being abused or neglected because his parents exposed him to methamphetamine. The District Court issued an order to show cause and granted the petition for emergency protective services on September 24, 2012. A supplemental affidavit indicated that a hair sample taken from S.K. tested positive for methamphetamine and amphetamine.

¶4 The court ordered a treatment plan for Mother on October 10, 2012. After the treatment plan was ordered, Mother was arrested and indicted on federal drug charges. She later pleaded guilty and was sentenced on March 12, 2013, by a federal court in Montana to 44 months' imprisonment.

¶5 On April 1, 2013, DPHHS filed a petition for permanent legal custody and termination of Mother's parental rights. A contested hearing on the petition was held on May 28, 2013. The court issued its order on the petition on June 24, 2013, ordering the termination of Mother's parental rights pursuant to § 41-3-609(1)(f), MCA, and § 41-3-609(4)(c), MCA.

¶6 We review a decision to terminate parental rights for abuse of discretion. In re D.B., 2008 MT 272, ¶ 13, 345 Mont. 225, 190 P.3d 1072. We review a court's findings of fact to determine whether they are clearly erroneous and its conclusions of law to determine whether they are correct. In re T.S., 2013 MT 274, ¶ 21, 372 Mont. 79, 310 P.3d 538. We will not disturb a district court's decision on appeal unless "there is a mistake of law or a finding of fact not supported by substantial evidence that would amount to a clear abuse of discretion." In re T.S., ¶ 21 (quoting In re D.B., ¶ 17). ¶7 In a case such as this, which does not involve an Indian child, a district court may terminate the parent-child legal relationship if it finds by clear and convincing evidence that:

(f) the child is an adjudicated youth in need of care and both of the following exist:
(i) an appropriate treatment plan that has been approved by the court has not been complied with by the parents ...

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