United States District Court, D. Montana, Butte Division
For Barnard Pipeline, Inc., a Montana Corporation, Plaintiff: Christian T. Nygren, LEAD ATTORNEY, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bozeman, MT; Richard T. Beal, Jr., LEAD ATTORNEY, PRO HAC VICE, ASHBAUGH BEAL, Seattle, WA; J. Patrick Brown, Bozeman, MT.
For Travelers Property Casualty Corp., a Connecticut Corporation, Defendant: Daniel R. Bentson, LEAD ATTORNEY, PRO HAC VICE, BULLIVANT HOUSER BAILEY, PC, Seattle, WA; Ronald J. Clark, LEAD ATTORNEY, PRO HAC VICE, BULLIVANT HOUSER BAILEY, Portland, OR; Annie Harris, Marshal L. Mickelson, CORETTE BLACK CARLSON & MICKELSON, Butte, MT.
Dana L. Christensen, Chief United States District Judge.
Before the Court are the parties cross motions for partial summary judgment. Jurisdiction is based on diversity. For the reasons explained, the Court grants Plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment in part and denies it in part and denies
Defendant's cross motion for partial summary judgment.
Factual and Procedural Background
Plaintiff Barnard Pipeline, Inc., (" Barnard" ) brings this action against its insurer, Defendant Travelers Property Casualty Company of America (" Travelers" ), for a declaratory judgment tat Travelers is obligated to provide coverage for losses claimed by Barnard under a builder's risk policy issued by Travelers to Barnard. Barnard also asserts a claim of insurance bad faith against Travelers. The parties' cross motions seek summary judgment on Barnard's claim for coverage. Barnard's motion also seeks dismissal of some of Travelers' affirmative defenses.
Barnard contracted with Kern River Gas Transmission Company to complete the Apex Pipeline Expansion Wasatch Loop project (" the Project" ), which involved the construction and installation of a 28-mile gas pipeline along a right of way traveling through the Wasatch Mountain Range in Utah. Travelers reviewed the agreement between Kern and Barnard and insured Barnard under a builder's risk policy (" the Policy" ). Travelers issued the Policy in October 2010.
The first phase of the Project involved construction and/or improvement of various roads to access the right of way. The first phase of the Project also involved the clearing of vegetation, stripping of topsoil, and leveling and/or grading of the right of way. The object of this excavation work was to get a level, safe, and compacted soil surface on which to perform the next phase of work. Once prepared, the right of way was used as a route of travel for heavy equipment and also used as a working surface for constructing and installing the pipe.
After preparation and excavation of the right of way, the plan of construction was that Barnard would then dig a trench along the right of way, string the pipe along side the trench, perform any bending of the pipe as necessary, weld sections of the pipe together, and then install the pipe in the trench. After the pipe was installed and the trench backfilled, the right of way was then reseeded and restored to a more " natural" condition.
Through the fall and winter of 2010, the Wasatch Range received an unusually high amount of precipitation The record high levels of precipitation damaged various access roads Barnard had constructed and made travel and work along the right of way exceedingly difficult. Barnard was forced to regrade the right of way, and place the saturated soil along the right of way. The soil could not be removed from the right of way and this additional soil, piled within the right of way, narrowed the available work space. The heavy precipitation, the saturated soil, and the constricted work space led to various increases in equipment and labor costs. The precipitation also caused damage to Barnard's various access roads, which required continuous maintenance and repair work.
In December of 2011, Barnard filed claims with Travelers based on damage to the access roads and certain environmental control equipment and losses associated with damage to the right of way. Travelers reviewed the claim and ultimately paid Barnard for losses associated with damage to the roads and environmental control equipment, but denied Barnard's claim to the extent it sought payment for losses associated with damages to the right of way. Travelers concluded that the access roads and environmental control equipment were " Covered Property" under the Policy which had sustained direct physical loss or damage from a " Covered Cause of Loss." Travelers concluded that the right of way was not " Covered Property," but
was instead " land" for which coverage was expressly excluded under the Policy. Travelers also denied that the right of way had sustained direct physical loss or damage.
Travelers sent Barnard a reservation of rights letter detailing these coverage determinations on August 23, 2013, approximately eight months after Barnard filed the instant action. In the letter, Travelers details some of the Policy provisions it deems pivotal, and goes on to explain, in part, why Travelers deemed the losses associated with damage to the roads to be covered, while it deemed losses associated with damage to the right of way not to be covered:
We understand that part of Barnard's claim is for repair to the project access roads. The project description on the Declarations page expressly includes 'project access roads' and therefore Travelers is accepting this element of Barnard's claim. . . . Land is not covered property under the policy. The land making up the right-of way is distinguished from project access roads which are expressly identified in the policy Declarations. Further Travelers does not agree that land which becomes saturated is 'damaged.'
Id. at 3-4 (emphasis added). Travelers thus paid for Barnard's " expenses to repair only access roads that Barnard constructed or improved for the purposes of this project" and the damage to various environmental control equipment, and denied the balance of the claim. Id. Travelers paid Barnard $1,486,949.00, and denied the remaining claimed losses which amounted to over $17 million.
The Policy's insuring agreement states: " We will pay for direct physical loss of or damage to Covered Property from any of the Covered Causes of Loss." (Doc. 55-1 at 20.) " Covered Property" is defined as " Builder's Risk," id., which is itself a defined term. Id. at 34. " Builder's Risk" is defined in the Policy as follows:
" Builders' Risk" means:
Property described in the Declarations under " Builders' Risk" owned by you or for which you are legally liable consisting of:
a. Buildings or structures including temporary structures while being constructed, erected or fabricated at the " job site"
. . .
" Builders' Risk" does not include:
. . .
c. Land (including land on which the property is located) or water.
Id. Thus, " Builder's Risk" (and by extension " Covered Property" ) is defined in the Policy and by reference to " Property described in the Declarations under " Builders' ...