United States District Court, D. Montana, Missoula Division
February 5, 2015
ROBERT H. GRIFFIN, JR., Plaintiff,
DAN LINDER, ALAN BROOKS DANNY THOMPSON, ERIC MORISON, MARK ASKUIG, PAULA SULLIVAN, JARED LAKO, JUSTIN SMITH, and BRYCE MIDDLETON, Defendants.
ORDER AND FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
JEREMIAH C. LYNCH, Magistrate Judge.
Pending is Plaintiff Robert Griffin, Jr.'s Complaint. (Doc. 2.) Griffin alleges Defendants violated his Fourth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendment rights under the United States Constitution when they entered his home in the early morning hours of September 2, 2014, handcuffed him, and took him to an abandoned parking lot without a warrant.
Griffin is proceeding in forma pauperis so the Court must review his Complaint under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915, 1915A. Section 1915(e)(2)(B) requires the Court to dismiss a complaint filed in forma pauperis before it is served upon the defendants if it is frivolous or malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief.
Griffin lists Eric Morrison, Mark Askig, Paula Sullivan, Jared Lako, Justin Smith, and Bryce Middleton as Defendants but makes no allegations against these individuals. (Complaint, Doc. 2.) As such, Griffin has failed to set forth a minimum factual and legal basis sufficient to give them fair notice of the allegations against them pursuant to Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure which requires "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2). Therefore, these Defendants should be dismissed without prejudice.
The Court has considered whether Griffin's Complaint as alleged against the Defendant Linder, Brooks, and Thompson is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim, or seeks solely monetary relief from a defendant who is immune. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2), 1915A(b). It has also considered whether Griffin has a reasonable opportunity to prevail on the merits. See 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(g). The Court concludes that dismissal is not appropriate at this time. Defendants Linder, Brooks, and Thompson must respond to the Complaint. Based on the foregoing, the Court issues the following:
1. Pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(d), the Court requests Defendants Linder, Brooks, and Thompson to waive service of summons by executing, or having counsel execute, the Waiver of Service of Summons. The Waiver must be returned to the Court within thirty (30) days of the entry date reflected on the Notice of Electronic Filing. If Defendants choose to return the Waiver of Service of Summons, the answer or an appropriate motion will be due within 60 days after the entry date reflected on the Notice of Electronic Filing for this Order, pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(a)(1)(B). See 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(g)(2) (while Defendants may be permitted to "waive the right to reply to any action brought by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility under section 1983, " once the Court has conducted its sua sponte screening pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) and § 1915A(b), and thus, has made a preliminary determination based on the face on the pleading alone that plaintiff has a "reasonable opportunity to prevail on the merits, " Defendants are required to respond).
2. The Clerk of Court shall forward the documents listed below to:
* the Complaint (Doc. 2);
* THE sUPPLEMENT TO THE cOMPLAINT (dOC. 7);
* this Order;
* a Notice of Lawsuit & Request to Waive Service of Summons; and
* a Waiver of Service of Summons
Counsel for Defendants must file a "Notice of Appearance" as a separate document at the time an Answer or Rule 12 motion is filed. See D. Mont. L.R. 12.2.
3. Any party's request that the Court grant relief, make a ruling, or take an action of any kind must be made in the form of a motion, with an appropriate caption designating the name of the motion, served on all parties to the litigation, pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 7, 10, and 11. If a party wishes to give the Court information, such information must be presented in the form of a notice. The Court will not consider requests made or information presented in letter form.
4. Pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 5(a), all documents presented for the Court's consideration must be simultaneously served by first-class mail upon the opposing party or their counsel if the party is represented. Each party shall sign and attach a proper certificate of service to each document filed with the Court. The Certificate of Service must state the date on which the document was deposited in the mail and the name and address of the person to whom the document was sent. The sender must sign the certificate of service.
5. Griffin shall not make any motion for default until at least seventy (70) days after the date of this Order.
6. At all times during the pendency of this action, Griffin shall immediately advise the Court and opposing counsel of any change of address and its effective date. Failure to file a notice of change of address may result in the dismissal of the action for failure to prosecute pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(b).
Further, the Court issues the following:
Defendants Eric Morrison, Mark Askig, Paula Sullivan, Jared Lako, Justin Smith, and Bryce Middleton should be DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE as there are no allegations raised against them in the Complaint.
NOTICE OF RIGHT TO OBJECT TO FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONSEQUENCES OF FAILURE TO OBJECT
Griffin may file objections to these Findings and Recommendations within fourteen (14) days after service (mailing) hereof. 28 U.S.C. § 636. Failure to timely file written objections may bar a de novo determination by the district judge and/or waive the right to appeal.
This order is not immediately appealable to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. Any notice of appeal pursuant to Fed.R.App.P. 4(a), should not be filed until entry of the District Court's final judgment.
NOTICE OF LAWSUIT AND REQUEST FOR WAIVER OF SERVICE OF SUMMONS
A lawsuit has been commenced by a pro se plaintiff against you or someone you may represent. A copy the Complaint is attached to this notice. It has been filed in the United States District Court for the District of Montana, Civil Action No. CV-14-228-M-DLC-JCL. The Court has completed its pre-screening and concludes you must file a responsive pleading. See 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(c), (g)(2); 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2), 1915A(a), (b).
This is not a formal summons or notification from the Court, but rather a request that you sign and file the enclosed waiver of service in order to save the cost of service by the U.S. Marshal's Service. The cost of service will be avoided if you file the signed Waiver of Service of Summons within 30 days after the entry date reflected on the Notice of Electronic Filing of the "Order to Serve Complaint by Requesting Waiver of Service of Summons, " served with this Notice.
If you comply with this request and timely file the waiver, no summons will be served. The action will then proceed as if you had been served on the date the waiver is filed, except you must file an answer or appropriate motion before 60 days from the date the Order directing this Notice of Lawsuit and Request for Waiver of Service of Summons to be sent was entered as indicated on the Notice of Electronic Filing.
If you do not waive service the Court will order the U.S. Marshal's Service to serve the complaint personally on you and may impose the full costs of such service.
WAIVER OF SERVICE OF SUMMONS
TO: The U.S. District Court for the District of Montana
The following Defendants acknowledge receipt of your request that they waive service of summons in the following action: Griffin v. Linder, et al., Civil Action No. CV-14-228-M-DLC-JCL filed in the United States District Court for the District of Montana. Defendants also received a copy of the Complaint. Defendants agree to save the cost of service of a summons and an additional copy of the Complaint in this action by not requiring that the following individuals be served with judicial process in the case provided by Fed.R.Civ.P. 4:
The above-named Defendants retain all defenses or objections to the lawsuits or to the jurisdiction or venue of the Court except for objections based on a defect in the summons or in the service of the summons. We understand judgments may be entered against the above-named Defendants if an answer or motion under Fed.R.Civ.P. 12 is not served within 60 days after the date the Order directing the Notice of Lawsuit and Request for Waiver of Service of Summons to be sent was entered as indicated on the Notice of Electronic Filing.