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Contractors Bonding and Insurance Co. v. Sandrock

United States District Court, D. Montana, Helena Division

March 19, 2018

BRYAN SANDROCK, a Montana Resident, Defendant.


          SAM E. MADDON United States District Judge


         In 2006, Vibeke DeTienne ("Vibeke") and Kevin DeTienne ("Kevin"), mother and son, undertook to open a casino ("Custer Avenue casino") in Helena, Montana.[1] '"The Train Station, LLC was formed to own and lease the casino property."[2] A separate entity, The Money Train, LLC, was formed to operate the casino.[3]

         The DeTiennes obtained a loan from Byran Sandrock ("Sandrock") "to finance the Custer Avenue casino."[4] As part of the transaction, Sandrock received "a 50% membership in the Train Station."[5]

         "Vibeke DeTienne died in December 2007."[6] Prior to her death, she established The Vibeke DeTienne Trust ("Trust") and "transferred her 50% interest in The Train Station to [the Trust.]"[7]

         Probate proceedings for Vibeke's estate were commenced in February 2008 ("probate action, " Cause No. 08-5076).[8] Kevin "was appointed as personal representative"[9] and was named as trustee of the Trust.[10] He also became "a member of The Train Station based on his status as the trustee" through a "substitution of member agreement" June 2008.[11] The Train Station's Custer Avenue casino was leased to The Money Train upon completion of construction, [12]

         Starting in 2009, Kevin began to deposit lease payments for the casino property into The Money Train's bank account instead of depositing the payments into the building owner's account.[13] Sandrock filed suit against Kevin in November 2009, claiming Kevin had breached the lease and seeking eviction of the casino property ("eviction action, " Cause No. 09-1105).[14]

         A preliminary injunction against Kevin was issued in the eviction action on January 20, 2010, proscribing him from entering the casino property.[15] Kevin timely appealed the injunction to the Montana Supreme Court ("Sandrock I ").[16]

         "In February 2010, while the appeal to the Montana Supreme Court in Sandrock I was pending, Sandrock transferred the Custer Avenue casino property from The Train Station, LLC, to GG&ME, LLC ("GG&ME")."[17] He, as the managing member of GG&ME, also leased the Custer Avenue casino to Draes, Inc. in February 2010.[18] Deryl Rae Sandrock, Sandrock's wife, is the sole shareholder of Draes, Inc.[19]

         Kevin filed for declaratory judgment against Sandrock on March 15, 2010, ("declaratory action, " Cause No. 10-262), "alleg[ing] that Sandrock had unlawfully transferred The Train Station's property without the consent of the Trust, " and that as a consequence "Sandrock owed [Kevin] and the Trust damages."[20] In November 2010, the Montana Supreme Court in Sandrock I affirmed the preliminary injunction order in the eviction action and stated that the parties "may proceed on the merits before the District Court."[21]

         In December 2014, the probate action, the declaratory action, and the eviction action were consolidated into a single proceeding ("The Casino Case").[22]Pleadings were realigned to designate Kevin, the Vibeke DeTienne Trust, the Train Station, LLC, and The Money Train, LLC, as plaintiffs and Sandrock, GG&ME, LLC, and Draes, Inc as defendants.[23]

         The realigned plaintiffs Filed a Second Amended Complaint ("SAC") on August 11, 2015.[24] Defendants were directed to respond.[25] No answer to the SAC was filed as ordered.[26] Default was entered.[27]

         Kevin next moved for default judgment and a determination of damages.[28] A hearing was set for November 30, 2015.[29] "Sandrock moved to set aside the default" judgment shortly "before the damages hearings was scheduled to begin."[30] The motion was denied, [31] Sandrock hired new counsel and again moved to have the default set aside.[32] The second motion was denied.[33]

         The district court held two damages hearings.[34] A judgment and judicial decree against Sandrock was entered on September 28, 2016, which expelled Sandrock from The Train Station, LLC and awarded the realigned plaintiffs: (1) $2, 083, 171 in monetary damages; (2) interest; (3) $150, 000 punitive damages; and (4) attorneys' fees.[35]

         On October 12, 2016, 14 days after entry of judgment, Sandrock's insurance broker notified Plaintiff Contractors Bonding and Insurance Company ("CBIC") of the September 28, 2016, Judgment.[36] The October 12, 2016, notice of judgment was the first notice provided to Plaintiff of a claim against its policies arising out of The Casino Case.[37] The notice included a copy of the September 28, 2016, judgment and no additional clarification.[38]

         After receiving the notice, Plaintiff agreed to provide a defense of Sandrock in The Casino Case subject to a complete reservation of rights, "including the right to withdraw from the retention of defense counsel and [to] file a declaratory judgment action asking a court: [(1)] to declare [the Plaintiffs] Policies do not cover the allegations against you in the suit;"[39] and (2) asking to recoup to the costs advanced by Plaintiff for Sandrock's defense, [40]

         Sandrock, without success, endeavored to persuade "'the trial court to reverse the September, 2016, [order]" before appealing to the Montana Supreme Court (Sandrock II).[41] No appeal was taken from the portions of the District Court's order restoring title of the Custer Avenue Property to The Train Station and terminating Sandrock's status as a member of the LLC.[42]

         On appeal in Sandrock II, Sandrock argued: (1) that the district court's denial of his motions to set aside the default and the subsequent default judgment was an abuse of discretion; and (2) that the District Court erred 'in multiple ways" when calculating the damages Sandrock owed to Kevin.[43] Both the denial of the motion to set aside default and denial of Sandrock's request to vacate the default judgment were affirmed, the Montana Supreme Court concluding that "[t]he record does not support a finding that counsel abandoned Sandrock[.]"[44]

         The merits of the damages issue were not addressed on appeal as the district court record did not permit the Montana Supreme Court "to discern how the District Court used these amounts to establish the amount of damages awarded."[45] The case "was remanded with directions 'for an order setting forth .. . calculation and determination of damages.'"[46]

         On December 11, 2017, the district court issued an order recalculating and clarifying damages as required by the remand.[47] Kevin, the Vibeke DeTienne Trust, the Train Station, LLC, and The Money Train, LLC, were awarded: (I) $1, 291, 635, for lost profits to the Money Train and lo the Train Station, alter deduction of defendant's initial contribution of $120, 000; (2) $150, 000 in punitive damages; and (3) $42, 009.05 in attorneys' fees and costs.[48] The court's September 28, 2016, judgment and decree were reaffirmed as amended.[49] On December 13, 2017, Sandrock appealed the December 11, 2017, order and on December 27, 2017, the realigned plaintiffs cross-appealed.[50]


         This declaratory judgment action was filed to determine Plaintiffs obligations as Sandrock's insurer under a primary policy and a separate umbrella policy, issued to The Train Station.[51] The primary policy was a commercial lines contract that provided coverage for certain "property damage" and "personal and advertising injury" liability of its insured.[52] The umbrella policy was "an excess policy that [covered] certain of [the] insured's liabilities."[53]

         Both policies contained identical notice conditions that required insureds to provide timely notice of any occurrence, claim or suit. The notice conditions provided:

a. You must see to it that we are notified as soon as practicable of an "occurrence" or an offense which may result in a claim. To the extent possible, notice should include:
(1) How, when and where the "occurrence" or offense took place;
(2) The names and addresses of any injured persons and witnesses; and
(3) The nature and location of any injury or damage arising out of the "occurrence" or offense.
b. If a claim is made or "suit" is brought against any insured, you must:
(1) Immediately record the specifics of the claim or "suit" and the date received; and
(2) notify us as soon as practicable.
You must see to it that we receive written notice of the claim or "suit" as soon as practicable.
c. You and any other involved insured must:
(1) Immediately send us copies of any demands, notices, summonses or legal papers received in connection with the claim or "suit";
(2) Authorize us to obtain records and other information;
(3) Cooperate with us in the investigation or settlement of the claim or defense against the "suit"; and
(4) Assist us, upon our request, in the enforcement of any right against any person or organization which may be liable to the insured because of injury or damage to ...

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